Sugar Palm Tree

The Sugar Palm Tree is also referred by its scientific name as Arenga engleri. The origin of the palm tree is traced to the continent of Asia by several sources. However, there are disputes regarding the accuracy of the specific sites as opposed to a broad geographical description. Therefore, the locations associated with the cradle of Sugar Palm tree include Philippines, Taiwan and Southern Japan.

The Sugar Palm tree has a trunk that is distinctly ringed, spotless and slim in nature. It has pinnate type of leaves that are olive green in color which normally grow up to 8’ in length with leaf spread of 16’ and a maximum height of 10’. There are a few exceptions but they rarely occur.

Flowering stalks of Sugar Palm trees have a needle like appearance and emerge among the leaves stalk. Arenga engleri is capable of self-reproduction as it possesses both male and female flowers. The flowers are colorful in appearance and associated with a sweet scent. The fertilized flowers form caustic fruits at maturity with a diameter of 1’.

Sugar Palm tree grows in clusters of similar style as a bamboo. The new shoots are seen to emerge from the soil line in contact with the plant. This ability to grow in clusters allows farmers to plant them as screens. If allowed enough time and space individual specimen can grow to a majestic standalone tree. This standalone or screening palm is referred by different names such as Formosa palm, Taiwan Arenga palm and Taiwan Sugar Palm

The best environment to grow the Sugar Palm is in a mixed forest. This is attributed to the need of ants which give the tree protection. Flies and fruit bees are essential to fertilize the palm flowers, but most important is to be grown surrounded by other tree species. Sugar Palm trees are grown in a single
monoculture and have the ability to regenerate the forest diversity. The roots of the tree are helpful for stabilizing the soil structure.

The Sugar Palm tree is a multi-stemmed clustering plant which produces suckers referred to as basal offshoots. These trees are propagated and grown into new plants to replace the older failing stems. Arenga engleri thrives well in very fertile soil with high moisture content. The palm tree performs poorly in dry conditions and may fail to blossom where the soil is lacking proper nutrients. Therefore, to grow the tree successfully we should ensure the soil is well fertilized by adding nutrients and watering the root to maintain soil moisture.

The Sugar Palm tree is known to be fire-resistant and flood-resistant. It has numerous uses in modern life including production of wine, sweet delicacies and alternative biofuel. The fibers of the Arenga engleri are strong and of high quality and used in infrastructure, construction and car industry. It is also customary for the man to give Sugar Palm trees as dowry in order to marry a wife in parts of Asia such as Indonesia. Their value in nature is unmatched with more than 60 different real life applications the Sugar Palm tree is definitely magical.


If you are interested in adding Sugar Palms to your landscapes contact us for wholesale pricing